Abbreviations and Measurements Units Used in Herbal Medicine

The general methods of preparing herbs are by infusion, decoction, or extraction. An infusion is made by steeping one teaspoonful of leaves or flowers in one cup of boiUng water for 5 to 10 minutes. A decoction is made by boiling the roots and/ or seeds in water for 15 to 20 minutes. The usual dose of either infusion or decoction is one or 2 cups taken daily, sipped slowly. The extract is prepared by a chemist (or pharmacist), and his directions should be followed.

The following is the list of abbreviations that we use in the relevant contents.

Abbreviations of Measurements:

1 t.—1 teaspoonful

1 T.—1 Tablespoonful

1 C.-l Cup

F.E.-Fluid Extract

Elix.-Elixir

Apothecaries Liquid Measurement Units

60 minims  – 1 fl. dram
8 fluid drams 1  fl. oz.
16 ” oz. -1 pt.
8 pts. -1 gal.
3 or 4 T. -1 Wine glassful

Apothecaries Weight Measurement Units

20 grains – 1 scruple

3 scruples – 1 dram

8 drams – 1 oz.

12 oz. – 1#approximately.

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