According to the traditional Chinese description it is a yin channel associated with the element wood and possesses interior and exterior relationship with the gall bladder meridian.
Total number of points: 14.
Starting point: Dorsum of the big toe.
Terminal point: Sixth intercostal space, below the nipple.
Pathway: This channel originates from the lateral side of the great toe, ascends over the dorsum of the foot and reaches in front of the medial malleolus. In its course on the medial side of the leg it meets the spleen and kidney meridian at the point Sp-6 (Sanjiao) and then ascends upwards along the medial side of the knee and thigh, curves around external genitalia in the pubic region and reaches the lower abdomen, where it divides into two branches: (i) superficial branch and (ii) inner branch.
Superficial branch: From the level of the symphysis pubis this branch turns upwards, reaches the free end of the eleventh rib and ends in the sixth intercostal space where it meets the inner, branch.
Inner branch: It goes to the abdomen, encircles the stomach and then enters the pertaining organ, liver. Here it communicates with the gall bladder and then passes further upwards to the diaphragm and ascends along the posterior aspect of the throat to the nasopharynx and connect; with the eye and brain. It again becomes superficial in its course, leads to the forehead and meets the governing vessel meridian. A small branch goes to the mouth but it has no point.
- All the disorders along the pathway of the channel.
- Diseases of the liver and gall bladder.
- Eye disorders.
- Disorders of the spleen.
- Convulsion and headache.
Description of Selected Points
Liv-2 Xingjian (Hsiangchien)
Location: On the dorsum of the foot 0.5 t-sun proximal to the margin of the web between the big toe and the second toe.
Indications: Headache, fainting, infantile convulsions, insomnia, epilepsy, intercostal neuralgia, hypertension, night sweating, urethritis, enuresis.
Location: On the dorsum of the foot, in the first intermetatarsal space, 2 t-sun proximal to the margin of the web.
Indications: Headache, fainting, uterine bleeding, disorders of the eye, hypertension, epilepsy.
Location: On the medial aspect of the leg, along the posterior border of the tibia, 5 t-sun above the tip of the medial malleolus.
Indications: Impotence, spermatorrhoea, schizophrenia, pelvic cellulitis, urinary retention, pain in the legs.
Liv-8 Ququan (Chuchuan)
Location: On the medial end of the transverse popliteal crease, in front of the semimemberanous muscle behind the lower end of the femur.
Indications: Impotence, spermatorrhoea, poliomyelitis, prolapse of uterus, urethritis, cystitis, endometritis.
Liv-14 Qimen (Chi men)
Location: On the front of the chest directly below the nipple on the sixth intercostal space.
Indications: Neuralgia, indigestion, pleurisy, hepatitis, chest pain, heart diseases, lactational disorders, bronchial asthma.
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