According to the traditional Chinese description stomach meridian is a yang channel associated with the element earth and possesses interior and exterior relationship with the spleen meridian.
Total number of points: 45.
Starting point: Below the eye lateral to ala-nasi .
Terminal point: Lateral side of the tip of the second toe near the nail.
Pathway: This channel originates from a point lateral to ala-nasi and ascends to the medial canthus of the eye. Here, after meeting the urinary bladder channel, it courses to the midpoint of the infraorbital margin and descends down straight to the angle of the mouth . It then curves towards the mentolabialsulcus and reaches the angle of the mandible and there it divides into two branches:
Ascending Branch: From angle of the mandible it ascends up towards the front of the ear and courses further upwards to the angle of the forehead where it joins with the governing vessels channel.
Descending branch: It descends down along the lateral side of the neck to reach the supraclavicular fossa and divides again into inner and superficial branches:
Inner branch: This branch passes through the thorax and diaphragm and descends down straight to the inguinal area. At the level of St-30 (Qichong) it meets with the superficial branch.
Superficial branch: This branch runs straight downwards from the supraclavicular fossa along the mamillary line to reach the inguinal area where it joins with the inner branch at the level of St-30 (Qichong). It further descends down along the front of the thigh up to the knee where it turns laterally to become antero-lateral to the tibia. It descends down directly to the dorsum of the foot where it reaches the lateral side of the tip of the second toe and ends there.
- 1 Description of Selected Points
- 1.1 St-1 Chengqi (Chengchi)
- 1.2 St-2 Sibai (Szupai)
- 1.3 St-3 Nose-Juliao (Chuliao)
- 1.4 St-4 Dicang (Tit Sang)
- 1.5 St-5 Daying (Taying)
- 1.6 St-6 Jiache (Chiache)
- 1.7 St-7 Xiaguan (Hsiakuan)
- 1.8 St-8 Touwei
- 1.9 St-1 6 Yingchuang
- 1.10 St-17 Ruzhong (Juchung)
- 1.11 St-18 Rugen (Juken)
- 1.12 St-21 Liangmen
- 1.13 St-25 Tianshu (Tienshu)
- 1.14 St-29 Guilai (Kuilai)
- 1.15 St-31 Biguan (Pikuan)
- 1.16 St-32 Femur-Futu (Futu)
- 1.17 St-34 Liangqiu (Liang Chiu)
- 1.18 St-36 Zusanli (Tsusanli)
- 1.19 St-40 Feng-lung
- 1.20 St-41 Jiexi
- 1.21 St-44 Neiting
Description of Selected Points
St-1 Chengqi (Chengchi)
Location : Directly below the center of the pupil on the mid-point of the infraorbital ridge.
Indications: Acute and chronic conjunctivitis, epiphora due to wind, myopia, hypermetropia, astigmatism, optic neuritis, retinitis, optic atrophy, cataract. glaucoma and blindness.
St-2 Sibai (Szupai)
Location: 0.7 t-sun below the. St-1 (Chengqi) in the depression at the infraorbital foramen, vertically below the center of the pupil.
Indications: Facial nerve paralysis, trigeminal neuralgia, maxillary sinusitis, headache and all eye problems including spasms of eye lids, wrinkles on the face and acne.
St-3 Nose-Juliao (Chuliao)
Location: Directly below the middle of the eye, at level with the inferior border of the ala-nasi.
Indications: Facial nerve paralysis, trigeminal neuralgia, toothache, swollen and painful cheeks and lips, and nasal disorders like rhinitis and epistaxis. Wrinkling on the face and acne vulgaris.
St-4 Dicang (Tit Sang)
Location: 0.4 t-sun lateral to the angle of the mouth inside the nasolabial sulcus.
Indications : Excessive salivation, all types of speech disorders. facial nerve paralysis and trigeminal neuralgia, acne vulgaris.
St-5 Daying (Taying)
Location: In front of the angle of the mandible on the antero-inferior border of the masseter muscle behind the facial artery. It is helpful to palpate the artery on the mandible to locate the point or ask the patient to clench the teeth.
Indications : Trismus, swollen cheeks, toothache, trigeminal neuralgia, and facial nerve paralysis. It is an anesthetic point for the tonsillectomy and tooth extraction.
St-6 Jiache (Chiache)
Location: Over the masseter muscle anterior to the angle of the mandible. Ask the patient to clench the teeth for better location of the point.
Indications: Toothache, parotitis, facial nerve paralysis, painful impacted wisdom tooth and acupuncture anesthesia for tooth extraction and tonsillectomy
St-7 Xiaguan (Hsiakuan)
Location: In the center of the depression of the lower margin of the zygomatic arch, anterior to temporomandibular joint. It can be located by keeping the jaw slightly open or by asking the patient for opening and closing the mouth and keeping the finger in front of the ear for palpating the movements of temporomandibular joint or by taking a point 1 t-sun above St-6 (Jiache) .
Indications: Facial nerve paralysis, arthritis or dislocation ot temporomandibular joint, toothache, deafness, tinnitus aurium, inflammation of the mandible, tinitus and trigeminal neuralgia. Acupuncture anesthesia for tooth extraction of upper jaw.
Location: At the angle of the forehead 0.5 t-sun inside the natural anterior hairline.
Indications: Headache, migraine; giddiness, eye disorders and ophthalmagia, frontal sinusitis and lacrimation. It is a specific point for paralysis of eye muscles together with
St-1 6 Yingchuang
Location: Below the third rib on the mamillary lines.
Indications: Bronchitis, cough, asthma, pain in ribs, breast disorders.
St-17 Ruzhong (Juchung)
Location: Centre of the nipple.
Indications: Cough, asthma, chest pain, hyperperistalsis, diarrhoea and mastitis.
St-18 Rugen (Juken)
Location: Mid-clavicular line, in fifth intercostal space, below the nipple. Indications: Lactational deficiency, mastitis, heart disorders, heaviness and pain in chest and intercostal neuralgia.
Location: 4 t-sun above the umbilicus and 2 t-sun lateral to the midline.
Indications: Gastric ulcers, gall bladder colic, visceroptosis, umbilical and incisional hernia.
St-25 Tianshu (Tienshu)
Location: 2-t-sun lateral to the umbilicus over rectus abdominis muscle.
Indications: Acute and chronic gastroenteritis, dysentery, constipation, paralysis or laxity of the abdominal musculature or visceroptosis, vomiting, cholera, paralytic ileus, appendicitis and menstrual irregularities amongst females.
St-29 Guilai (Kuilai)
Location: 4-t-sun below the umbilicus 2-t-sun lateral to the midline.
Indications: All the acute and chronic disorders of urogenital organs, i.e. functional uterine bleeding, menorrhagia, amenorrhoea, spasmodic dysmenorrhoea and leucorrhoea, prolapse of uterus and pelvic cellulitis in females, orchitis and epididymitis in males and urinary disorders in both sexes.
St-31 Biguan (Pikuan)
Location: In the line of the lower border of the pubic symphysis, directly below the anterio-superior iliac spine.
Indications: Hemiplegia, paraplegia, poliomyelitis, arthiritis of the knee, urticaria, wasting of the quadriceps muscle.
St-32 Femur-Futu (Futu)
Location: 6 t-sun above the upper margin of the patella between rectus femoris and vatus lateralis on antero-lateral aspect of the thigh.
Indications: Hemiplegia, paraplegia, poliomyelitis, arthritis of the knee, urticaria, wasting of the quadriceps muscle.
St-34 Liangqiu (Liang Chiu)
Location: In a depression on the front of thigh 2 t-sun above the upper and outer edge of the patella, vertically above the lateral foramen of patella or St-35 (Dubi).
Indications: Diseases of the knee joints, epigastric pain, gastralgia, diarrhea, mastitis and facial neuralgia.
St-36 Zusanli (Tsusanli)
Location: One finger breadth lateral to the lower border of the tibial tuberosity of 3 t-sun below St-35 (Dubi).
Indications: Immunity improving and tonification of the body in debility, fatigue, weakness and hypotension. Poliomyelitis, polyneuropathy, weakness and myopathies of the leg. Epigastric pain, gastralgia, gastritis, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dysentery, constipation, flatulence, paralytic ileus and appendicitis. Hypertension, diabetes, thromboangitis, obliterance, elephantiasis and varicose veins.
Location: 5 t-sun below St-36 (Zusanli) and 2-finger breadth lateral to the anterior border of the tibia.
Indications: Cough with expectoration, hemiplegia, paralysis of lower extremities, vertigo, epilepsy and schizophrenia.
Location: On the dorsum of the foot at the midpoint of the transverse crease of ankle.
Indications: Pain and arthiritis of the ankle joint, foot drop, chronic non-healing ulcers, varicose veins and hemiplegia.
Location: On the dorsal aspect of the foot 0.5 t-sun proximal to the web space between the second and third toes.
Indications: Arthritis of the ankle and small joints of the foot; paralysis and polyneuropathy of the lower extremity.
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