According to the traditional Chinese description gall bladder meridian of acupuncture is a yang channel associated with the element wood and possesses interior and exterior relationship with the liver meridian.
Total number of points: 44.
Starting point: Lateral canthus of the eye.
Terminal point: Tip of the fourth toe.
Pathway: This channel originates at the lateral canthus and divided into two branches: (i) anterior branch and (ii) posterior branch.
Anterior branch: It has no point in its course and is not considered a useful branch.
Posterior branch: It ascends to the corner of the forehead and then curves downwards to reach behind the ear. It then runs along the lateral aspect of neck and finally goes to the supraclavicular area where it divides into two branches-inner branch and superficial branch.
Inner branch: This branch goes to the liver and gall bladder and emerges at the inguinal area. It joins superficial branch at the hip joint.
Superficial branch: From supraclavicular fossa, this branch courses downwards in front of the axilla and then along the lateral aspect of the chest, passes through the free ends of the eleventh ribs to the hip region where it connects with the inner branch.
After union of the inner branch and the superficial branch the main meridian descends along the lateral aspect of the thigh and knee, antero-lateral aspect of the leg and dorsum of the foot and reaches the fourth toe where it terminates on the lateral side of its tip.
- All the disorders along the pathway of the channel.
- Points on the face are used for eye and ear disorders, facial paralysis, trigeminal neuralgia and pain in the neck.
- Points on the chest are used for lactation disorders.
- Points on the abdomen are used for the liver and gall bladder disorders.
- Points of the lower extremity are used for the treatment of sciatica, paralysis, poliomyelitis, and arthritis of the knee and ankle.
- Points below knee are used as distal points for the treatment of proximal disorders.
Description of Selected Points
Location: 0.5 t-sun lateral to the lateral canthus of the eye.
Indications: Keratitis, conjunctivitis, headache, facial paralysis, migraine (of the same side), trigeminal neuralgia.
Location: Depression in front of the inferior notch of the tragus or on the posterior margin of the condyloid process of the mandible.
Indications: Deafness, tinnitus, otitis media, trigeminal neuralgia, upper toothache, arthritis of the temporomandibular joint, facial paralysis.
GB-8 Shuaigu (Shuai ku)
Location: Directly above the apex of the auricle, 1.5 t-sun above the natural hairline. To mark the apex auricle should be folded upon itself vertically.
Indications: Migraine, parietal headache, forgetfulness, vertigo, dizziness, all ear disorders and psychosomatic disorders.
GB-14 Yangbai (Yang bai)
Location: On the forehead 1 t-sun vertically above the midpoint of the eyebrow.
Indications: Bell’s palsy, headache (frontal), frontal sinusitis, trigeminal neuralgia, night blindness, glaucoma.
GB-20 Fengchi (Feng Chih)
Location: At the apex of the posterior triangle of the neck, in the hollow directly below and between the external occipital protuberance and the mastoid process. It lies between the insertions of the trapezius and Sterno-cliedo-mastoid muscles.
Indications: Stiff neck, cervical spondylosis and all other painful disorders of the occipital region. Headache, common cold, vertigo, tinnitus, influenza. Hypertension. Meningitis.
GB-21 Jianjing (Chien ching)
Location: Highest point of the shoulder [it is located midway between GV-14 (Dazhui) and acromion].
Indications: Frozen shoulder, backache, stiffness of the neck, cervical spondylosis, motor disorders of’ the upper extremity, menstrual disorders of the endocrine origin, functional uterine bleeding, hyperthyroidism, mastitis.
Location: On the abdominal wall, midway between the free ends of the eleventh and twelfth rib at the level of the umblicus.
Indications: Menstrual disorders like dysmenorrhoea, menorrhagia and metorrhagia, endometritis, cystitis, lumbago, cholecystitis, hepatitis and intercostal neuralgia.
Location : At the junction of the outer one-third and the middle two-thirds of a line drawn between the high point of the great trochanter and sacral hiatus.
Indications: Prolapsed intervertebral disc, acute sciatica, paralysis of the lower extremities, poliomyelitis, arthritis of the hip joint.
GB-34 Yanglingquan (Yang ling chuan)
Location : On the antero-lateral aspect of the leg in the depression in front and below the head of the fibula.
Indications : Hemiplegia, poliomyelitis, tenosynovitis, myopathies and muscular dystrophies, mental disorders, diseases of the knee joint, foot drop, diseases of gall bladder. lumbago. hyperacidity, vertigo, labyrinthitis and dizziness.
GB-37, Guangming (Kuangming)
Location: 2 t-sun below GB-35 (Yangjiao) in front of the fibula.
Indications: Eye diseases, sciatica and pain of the lateral side of the leg, migraine, headache.
GB-40 Qiuxu (Chiu hsu)
Location: In the depression anterior and inferior to the lateral malleolus .
Indications: Axillary lymphadenitis, costalgia, cholecystitis, sciatica, arthritis of the ankle joint, foot drop, varicose and other chronic ulcers of the ankle, pain in the chest, painful conditions of the hip.
GB-41 Foot-linqi (Tsulingchi)
Location: In the depression anterior to the fourth interrmetatarsal joint (function of the fourth and fifth metatarsal bones of the foot)
Indications: Conjunctivitis, metatarsalgia, costalgia, mastitis, lymphadenitis, to stop the milk secretion, deafness and tinnitus.
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