Acupuncture Urinary Bladder Meridian

According to the traditional Chinese description urinary bladder meridian is a yang channel associated with the element water and possesses interior and exterior relationship with the kidney meridian.

Total number of points: 67.

Starting point: Medial canthus of the eye.

Terminal point: Lateral side of the tip of the little toe.

Pathway: This is the longest channel. It starts from the medial canthus of the eye, runs over the forehead and head close to the midline. At vertex it connects with the governing vessels channel. At this level a small branch splits off and goes to the ear (this branch has no point) while the main branch goes to the occiput and at the nape of the neck, 0.5 t-sun above the natural hairline [UB-10 (Tianzhu)] it divides into the medial and lateral branches. These two branches descend down up to the back of the popliteal fossa where they unite in the center to form a single branch again. The single main branch runs down on the back of the leg and lateral border of the foot and ends at the lateral aspect of the tip of the little toe.


Medial branch: This branch runs on the back of the trunk 1.5 t-sun lateral to the midline. It descends down up to the fourth sacral foramen, makes a Z-turn to reach back to the first dorsal sacral foramen and then again descends down over the buttock, hip joint, back of thigh to reach the popliteal fossa where it meets the lateral branch. At the level of the lower border of the spinous process of the second lumbar vertebra [UB-23 (Shenshu)] an inner branch goes to the kidney and urinary bladder.

Lateral branch: This branch runs parallel to the medial branch 3 t-sun lateral to the midline on the back of the trunk. It courses over the buttock and back of the thigh and joins the medial branch on the back of the popliteal fossa at the level of UB-40 (Weizhong)

Description of Selected Points

UB-1 Jingming (Chingming)

Location: On the margin of the orbit 0.1 t-sun above the medial canthus.

Indications: Conjunctivitis, myopia hypermetropia, optic atrophy, visual defects, blindness and facial paralysis.

UB-1 Jingming

UB-2 Zangzhu (Tsanchu)

Location : At the inner end of the eyebrow directly above the inner canthus of the eye.

Indications: Frontal headache, frontal sinusitis, trigeminal neuralgia, blurring of the vision, epiphora, diseases of the eye and nose.

UB-2 Zangzhu

UB-10 Tianzhu (Tienchu)

Location: On the lateral side of the trapezius muscle, 0.5 t-sun above the natural hairline, 0.3 t-sun lateral to the midline between the first and second cervical vertebrae.

UB-10 Tianzhu and UB-11 Dashu

Indications: Hysteria, epilepsy, schizophrenia, neurasthenia, insomnia, occipital headache, stiffness of the neck and disorders of the eye.

UB-11 Dashu (Tachu)

Location : On the back, 1.5 t-sun lateral to the tip of the spinous process of the first thoracic vertebra.

Indications : Bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma, pleurisy, neck pain, backache, shoulder pain, tuberculosis of the bone, arthritis and numbness of limbs.

UB-17 Geshu (Keshu)

UB-17 Geshu

Location : On the back, 1.5 t-sun lateral to the tip of the spinous process of the seventh thoracic vertebra, at the level with the inferior angle of the scapula.

Indications: Hiccup, paralysis of the diaphragm, eventration of the diaphragm, anorexia nervosa, neurotic vomiting, anaemia, blood dyscrasias, haemorrhagic disorders and allergic rashes.

UB-23 Shenshu

Location : On the back of the abdomen, 1.5 t-sun lateral to the tip of the spinous process of the second lumbar vertebra.

UB-23 Shenshu and UB-25 Dachangshu

Indications: Lumbago, nocturnal pollutions, impotence, irregular menstruation, chronic pelvic cellulitis, nephritis, neurasthenia and genital disorders.

UB-25 Dachangshu (Tachangshu)

Location: On the back of abdomen, 1.5 t-sun lateral to the tip of the spinous process of the 4th lumbar vertebra.

Indications: Enteritis, dysentery, constipation, lumbago, sciatica, paralysis of the lower extremities.

UB-27 Xiaochangshu (Hsiaochangshu)

Location : On the back of abdomen, 1.5 t-sun lateral to the midline at the level of sacroiliac joint.

UB-27 Xiaochangshu and UB-32 Ciliao

Indications: Sciatica, lumbago, nocturnal pollution, urinary incontinence, pelvic peritonitis.

UB-32 Ciliao (Tzuliao)

Location : On the second posterior sacral foramen midway between the lower part of the posterior superior iliac spine and the posterior midline.

Indications: Urogenital disorders, menstrual disorders, haemorrhoids, lumbago and sciatica.

UB-37 Yinmen

Location : 6 t-sun below UB36 (Chengfu) in the centre of the back of the thigh.

Indications: Low backache, poliomyelitis, sciatica and paralysis.

UB-37 Yinmen

UB-39 Weiyang (Shentang)

Location: On the lateral end of the popliteal crease, medial to the tendon of the biceps femoris muscle.

Indications: Cramps of the calf muscles, low backache, paralysis of the lower extremities.

UB-39 Weiyang

UB-40 Weizhong (Weichung)

Location: Midpoint of the popliteal fossa.

Indications : Low back pain, sciatica, lumbago, paralysis of the extremities, poliomyelitis, genito urinary disorders, menstrual disorders, impotence, arthritis of knee joints.

UB-40 Weizhong

UB-57 Chengshan

Location: On the calf, where the two bellies of the gastrocnemius unite, midway between UB-40 (Weizhong) and the heel (upper border of the calcaneum).

Indications: Sciatica, paralysis of the leg, leg cramps, plantar fascitis, poliomyelitis, frontal headache, prolapsed rectum.

UB-57 Chengshan

UB-60 Kunlun

Location : Central point of the groove between the tendoachilis and posterior border of the lateral malleolus of the fibula, at the level of its tip.

Indications: Poliomyelitis, paralysis of the lower extremity, foot drop, sciatica, low backache, calcaneal spur, painful disorders of the ankle joint and soft tissue around it, retained placenta.

UB-60 Kunlun

UB-62 Shenmai (Shenimo)

Location: On the outer aspect of the ankle, 0.5 t-sun below the tip of the lateral malleolus.

Indications: Painful disorders of the ankle joint, low backache, paralysis of the leg, foot drop, headache, epilepsy, apoplexy, psychological disturbances, insomnia.

UB-62 Shenmai and UB-67 Zhiyin

UB-67 Zhiyin (Chihyin)

Location: 0.1 t-sun behind and lateral to the corner of the nail of the little toe.

Indications : All acute emergencies, difficult labour, malposition of the foetus.



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