How to Use Essential Oils

Essential oils work on two distinct levels, the psychological and the physical. Imagine some of your favorite aromas. How do they make you feel? Certain smells can trigger happy memories of places or people, taking you back to early childhood, to the kitchen at home, perhaps, or to a particular person, such as your mother. Some smells will make you think of a certain time of year – the freshness of spring or the sun-baked days of summer. Other smells that you find enjoyable might be harder to explain – they simply make you feel good. If you are trying to sell your house, the estate agent may well tell you to put a pot of coffee on the stove before prospective buyers come to view, or make some bread or cakes to fill the house with the scent of fresh baking.

Scent of Essential Oils

Smell is a primitive and powerful sense. Not only can it alert us to danger (think of the odor of meat that has gone bad or the smell of a gas leak), it can also trigger memories, alter our moods and either attract us to, or put us off, potential mates. Recent research has shown that human beings have not yet become so sophisticated that the sense of smell has become irrelevant in the process of sexual attraction. No matter how beautiful, intelligent and witty you might be, the object of your heart’s desire will still be affected by your own, very individual smell.

The fragrant essential oils of many plants can have quite a powerful effect on the mind, altering mood quite noticeably when they are inhaled. This is what makes aromatherapy particularly useful in the treatment of mood disturbances such as depression and anxiety and the consequent effects these problems have on the individual’s ability to function properly. Some oils will have a definite sedative, calming effect, whilst others are useful for their stimulant properties, increasing mental and physical energy. Certain oils are particularly good at helping to focus the mind; such oils are often burned in incense, as an aid to meditation. Some oils will stimulate sexual appetites and can be used as aphrodisiacs.

How Do Essential Oils Enter the Body?

There are three ways by which essential oils can enter the body. The first of these is by inhalation, which allows for the oil molecules to enter the body through the tiny capillaries supplying the respiratory organs.

Essential oils can also be absorbed into the body by skin absorption – by bathing in hot water to which oils have been added, by applying essential oils in topical preparations or in compresses, and by massage.

The third means by which essential oils can enter the body is by ingestion. Some qualified aromatherapists will prescribe the use of some essential oils in this way, but on the whole massage is the preferred method of treatment. Ingestion of essential oils is potentially very dangerous and should never be tried in the home.

Enhancing Immune System

One property that many essential oils have in common is the ability to stimulate the body’s immune system, that is, to encourage the body to heal itself. Antiseptic and bactericidal properties are also common to most essential oils eucalyptus oil and tea tree oil being particularly useful in this respect. Many oils (tea-tree oil falls into this category too) have antiviral and/or fungicidal properties.

Antibiotics have for many years been an invaluable weapon in the war against many diseases, but overuse has led to an increase in antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria. Antibiotics also kill off many other, harmless and/or beneficial bacteria, leading to problems such as Candida albicans; or thrush, and they can have unpleasant side effects. When suffering from a relatively minor infection that is likely to respond well to treatment with essential oils, it makes a lot of sense to choose this option rather than resorting to antibiotics

Application Methods for Essential Oils

There are several ways for how to use essential oils. Among these, massage is the most common practice. However, it is also possible to benefit from essential oils by way of inhalation. Moreover, bathing should also be mentioned as people tend to use aromatherapy in connection with spa as well. Let us go deep into detail about these now 🙂

Massage with Essential Oils

This is the main method of treatment used by qualified aromatherapists. Massage allows for a combination of the beneficial effects of the absorption of essential oils through the skin and those of therapeutic massage; as the therapist’s hands work on the patient’s body, circulation and lymphatic drainage will be stimulated and the patient’s muscles will relax. At the same time, helped by the heat caused by the friction of the therapist’s hands on the patient’s body, the oil molecules can enter the body through the skin and will start to take effect on the patient. The patient will gain further benefit as he or she breathes in the fragrance.

While not all the oils that are used by aromatherapists in practice are recommended for use in the home, there is nonetheless a wide variety of essential oils that can be used perfectly safely by people who lack the aromatherapists’ expertise but want to derive some benefit and pleasure from home massage. Essential oils for massage can be diluted in a base oil, either singly or blended with one or two other harmonizing, synergistic, oils.

Base oils suitable for aromatherapy include almond oil, avocado oil, jojoba oil, and wheatgerm oil. Doubtless you will have your own preferences, but each has its own qualities; avocado, for example, is beneficial to dry skin. Try to establish that the base oil you intend to use has been cold-pressed and preferably is organic and thus as pure and chemical-free as possible. When it comes to the dilution quantities, 1-3 per cent essential oil to base oil is generally a safe option, but if you have any doubts, you can check with an aromatherapist.

Inhaling Essential Oils

Steam inhalation is used mostly for the treatment of respiratory disorders. To prepare, fill a fairly large bowl with very hot water and add a few drops of the essential oil, or oils, of choice. Drape a towel over your head and ‘tent’ it all round the bowl then breathe in the scented steam deeply. Continue treatment for a few minutes, but stop if you feel too hot. Place the bowl on a surface at a height that does not require you to bend over it. Raising your head suddenly, especially if you have been bending over, might cause dizziness. Steam inhalation is beneficial to respiratory ailments in two ways. Firstly, the steam moistens the airways and helps to loosen mucus and clear blocked sinuses. Secondly, the essential oil vapors will enter the bloodstream rapidly and work their own individual ‘magic’, whether this is to promote expectoration or fight off infection.

Dry inhalation is also beneficial with certain aromatic oils and can be useful in the treatment of asthmatics, whose lungs may be irritated by steam inhalation. A few drops of essential oil can be applied to a handkerchief that is then held a few inches under the patient’s nose as he or she breathes in. Alternatively, a few drops can be placed on the pillow (away from the eyes) at bedtime. Eucalyptus oil is a favorite for use in dry inhalation to ease the discomfort of blocked noses. Lavender oil on the pillow will help promote restful sleep.

If you are treating oily skin with aromatic steam, it is pleasant to finish treatment with a refreshing splash of rose water, which will tone the skin. Steam treatment is not recommended if you suffer from thread veins or if you have any inflammatory skin condition.

Steam Facial with Essential Oils

A steam facial, taken in much the same way as a steam inhalation, can be a very effective way of opening the pores and cleansing the skin, particularly skin that is prone to oiliness and spots. There are several essential oils that can be used in this way. It is pleasant and refreshing to finish off the treatment with a splash of rose water.


Do not use steam facials if you have broken veins or very sensitive skin.

Bathing with Essential Oils

Aromatic bathing is a wonderful way to treat yourself and do yourself some good at the same time. Bathing with essential oils allows for the oil to be absorbed firstly through the skin and secondly, as the oils evaporate in the steam from the bath, through inhalation of the fragrant steamy atmosphere in the bathroom. This form of treatment has the advantage that, unlike massage, it can be done without the help of another person.

Run a hot bath with the door and windows closed and add a few drops (3-10, depending on the oil or oils of choice) of essential oil into the water. Make sure that the oil is thoroughly dispersed in the water to avoid the possibility of concentrated amounts of oil coming into contact with the skin. Prolonged and frequent use of essential oils can damage the surface of some baths; make sure the bath is thoroughly cleaned out afterwards. To avoid problems with sensitive skin, and also to preserve your bath, dilute the essential oil in a base oil before you add it to the bath. You can also dilute the essential oil in milk.

Choose your essential oil or oils according to the desired effect you wish to achieve – rosemary to revive your flagging spirits, perhaps, or chamomile to set you up for a good night’s sleep. Take all the time you need – lie back in the water and breathe deeply – an aromatic bath should be a very pleasurable experience.

A Little Note for Bathing

Don’t use soaps, bath oils or shampoos in an aromatic bath. If you want to clean yourself with soap, or wash your hair, do this beforehand – have a quick shower or wash before you run your aromatic bath.

An aromatic footbath is also a soothing and refreshing way of treating tired, aching feet and will benefit not only your feet but also your whole body. If you only have a shower at home, treat yourself to a footbath from time to time. Lavender, peppermint and rosemary are particularly beneficial at the end of a long day. Footbaths can also help to warm cold feet, and the addition of appropriate oils will stimulate the circulation.

Sitz Baths

Sitz baths, or hip baths, are particularly beneficial in the treatment of menstrual disorders, thrush, cystitis, hemorrhoids and constipation. When treating hemorrhoids or vaginal thrush keep the water around body temperature, but otherwise the water should be quite hot. Tea tree oil is particularly useful in the treatment of thrush.


Some problems respond well to treatment with compresses, made by soaking cloths or towels in either hot or ice-cold water – whichever is appropriate – and adding a few drops of essential oil. Cold compresses are useful for treating headaches, fever and pain from recent bruising or muscle strain. Hot compresses, applied to the relevant parts of the body, can alleviate menstrual cramping and muscle and joint pain and can be particularly soothing for chronic pain caused by arthritis and rheumatism. Hot compresses can also be used to treat boils.

To prepare a compress, fill a bowl with either hot or iced water, according to your needs. Soak a folded cloth in the water and wring it out. Add three or four drops of essential oil to the water in the bowl and swirl it round to disperse it thoroughly. Lay your cloth lightly back on the surface of the water, then wring out again and apply to the affected part for treatment.

If you are using a hot compress, place some polythene or clingfilm over the compress with another cloth on top. This will help to retain the heat.

If you are treating headache with a cold compress, make sure that the compress is well wrung out and will not drip. It is important that the essential oil is kept away from the eyes.

Mouthwashes with Essential Oils

Some essential oils can be added to warm water and used as mouthwashes or gargles to combat gum inflammation, bad breath, oral thrush and mouth ulcers. In order to avoid irritation of the mouth, the oil should be first diluted in a small amount of alcohol – vodka is generally recommended. Add two drops of essential oil to a teaspoon of vodka and mix into half a glass of warm water to prepare your mouthwash. Tea-tree oil is safe to add to warm water without alcohol, but this is the exception.

But you should always be careful not to swallow!

Benefits of Lobelia

Native to the northeastern U.S., lobelia is now growing throughout all the states.

All parts of it are possessed of medicinal activity, but the ROOT and inflated capsules (SEEDS) are the most powerful. The plant should be collected in August and September when the capsules are numerous and should be carefully dried. The herb must be placed upon its end when drying so the seeds do not drop out of the capsules. It may be kept whole or in powder. In the seed is a volatile oil.

The dried lobelia has a slight odor when chewed, though first without much taste, soon produces a burning, acrid impression upon the posterior parts of the tongue and palate, very closely resembling that produced by tobacco and attended, in like manner, with a flow of saliva and a nauseating effect upon the stomach. The powder is of a green color. The PLANT yields its active properties readily to water and alcohol. The seeds must be crushed.

It is also called “Indian tobacco” and “vomit root.” As an emetic, it is very powerful.

Lobelia is among the medicines which were much employed by the Indians in this country. It is considered one of the most valuable remedies and is extensively employed. It is claimed there is nothing known to man that will so effectively clear the air passages of the lungs of viscid matter.

The disease in which it has proved most useful is spasmodic asthma, the paroxysms of which it often greatly mitigates and sometimes wholly relieves, even when not given in doses sufficiently large to promote active vomiting.

Lobelia is one of the greatest equalizers of the circulation and gives a full outward flow of blood. Its influence reaches every organ and almost, if not quite, every tissue of the body. In influencing the circulation, it also influences the nerves; sympathetic, central, and spinal. Its range is wide, especially in acute troubles.

Lobelia is best suited when arterial action is strong and when given in more or less putrescent conditions. Its continuance should be brief, only sufficient to cleanse and then use more stimulating treatment. Lobelia is NOT BEST in nervous prostration, paralysis, gangrene, or shock.

Lobelia is a most efficient relaxant, influencing mucus, serous, nervous, and muscular structures. It influences the glandular system, the fauces, and the respiratory tubuli. It is a good rule to always take a stimulant before using lobelia or to combine a stimulant with it.

It is used in cough, bronchitis, asthma, whooping cough, pneumonia, hysteria, convulsions, suspended animation, tetanus, febrile troubles, spasmodic or membranous croup, pleuritis, hepatitis, peritonitis, nephritis, phrenitis, otitis, ophthalmia, rheumatism, occlusion of the gall ducts, strangulated hernia, rigid os uteri, and is extremely useful as an emetic when the stomach should be thoroughly cleaned.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

In puerperal convulsions, use the following: 2 dr. FX. lobelia, 4 Dr. Fl. X ladies’ slipper, M Dr. tincture cayenne, and simple syrup sufficient to make 6 oz. Dose—1 t. every 1/2 hour.

It is one of the best aids in surgery where relaxation is required, especially in dislocations for which take regularly and frequently and apply locally.

In cases of infantile coughs and bronchitis, when the child seems likely to be suffocated by phlegm, a dose will remove the obstruction.

In convulsions, combine with blue cohosh.

The acid tincture of lobelia is made as follows: lobelia herb and crushed seed each 2 oz. and 1 pt. best malt vinegar. Steep in a closely stoppered bottle for 10 days to 2 weeks, shaking every day. Strain and bottle for use. If the vinegar is brought to the boiling point before adding, it will be ready to use at once.

This also has been used as an external application, rubbing it bitween the shoulders and on the chest in asthma and most helpful in cases where breathing has been most difficult.

To make a pleasant, yet efficient remedy for croup, whooping cough, and asthma, fill a bottle 2/3 full of the acid tincture and add sugar or honey to fill the bottle. Shake until dissolved.

The acid tincture can be added to horehound, hyssop, sage, or other teas ( 1 t. to 1 C. ) in coughs, asthma, and colds. Can be used as an emetic if the stomach should be cleaned.

What is known as anti-spasmodic tincture is used in many violent cases such as epilepsy, convulsions, lockjaw, delirium tremens, fainting, hysteria, cramps, suspended animation, spasms, and is considered unequalled in the whole realm of therapeutic remedies in these cases.

It is valuable in sluggish cases as it arouses the system to dislodge semi-putrescent material and to quickly stimulate and equalize the circulation. It is excellent in sick-headache, dyspepsia, and in the incipiency of apoplexy. When life hangs in the balance or where effects are required on short notice, the anti-spasmodic tincture can be relied on.

The anti-spasmodic tincture is made as follows: all in powder—1 oz. each crushed lobelia seed and herb, skunk cabbage root, skullcap, gum myrrh, valerian, and 3» oz. cayenne. Infuse for 1 week in 1 qt. best brandy in closely corked, wide-necked bottle. Shake well daily. After 1 week, strain and press out the clear liquid, it is then ready for use.

A drop or two on the tip of the finger, thrusting the finger into the mouth of a baby in convulsions, has stopped them at once.

In mucous and spasmodic croup, the anti- spasmodic tincture must be administered promptly and in full teaspoonful doses in warm water and repeated every 10 to 15 minutes until free vomiting ensues.

Where the case is severe or the anti-spasmodic tincture is difficult to administer, as in the case of infants, rub well into the neck, chest, and between the shoulders. At the same time 2 or 3 drops of the tincture in a raw state should be placed in the mouth and washed down with 1 t. dose of warm water and the patient kept warm in bed. Repeat every 1 or 2 hours, if necessary.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

In scarlet fever and other febrile conditions, in typhoid, typhus, spotted (spinal meningitis), black or slow fever, especially malignant scarlet fever use 1 t. anti-spasmodic tincture in a little warm water and give every /2 hr. until the patient is easier. Then get 2 qts. hot water and 1 qt. best malt vinegar. Mix and wash entire body, then wipe dry. Be sure patient is kept warm. Then give 1 t. of anti-spasmodic tincture in warm herb tea every 2 hrs. Wash with vinegar and warm water every day.” He claims scores of scarlet fever patients were saved with this method after hope was given up for their recovery.

In rheumatic fever, rub the whole body from neck to toes with the anti-spasmodic tincture, and if the case is bad, so that he cannot sit up or move arms or legs, give 1 t. anti-spasmodic tincture in a little hot water every 1/2 hr. until free perspiration ensues. Keep patient in bed, allow to cool down, and then wash the whole body down with vinegar and hot water. After this give anti-spasmodic tincture in teaspoonful doses in hot water every 2 hrs. for 1 day, then every 3 hrs. for a few days. Sponge down daily with hot water and vinegar.

For rattlesnake bite take equal parts of anti-spasmodic tincture and tincture lobelia, FE skullcap and FE valerian, 3/4 t. in warm water every 5 min., in a strong infusion of black cohosh.

A very useful preparation is the syrup of lobelia: boil 3/2 oz. lobelia herb in 2 pints water down to 1 pt. Strain and dissolve in the liquid by low heat 2# sugar. This is useful in coughs, etc. but will be emetic if taken in large doses.

The acid syrup of lobelia is made as follows: 1 pint each lobelia syrup and malt vinegar mixed together. Dose 1/4 t. is excellent for asthmatic cough.

Lobelia capsules are made as follows: all in powder, 1 oz. each lobelia seed, lobelia herb, cayenne, aniseed, and 2 oz. gum arabic. Mix and fill into #4 capsules.

These are useful in dyspepsia, rheumatism, inflammation, asthma, consumption, chills, jaundice, and fevers. Dose, 4 to 10 a day as required.

In scarlet fever, etc., when necessary, dissolve a quantity of the contents of a dozen of the capsules in 3/4 C. hot water and give as the anti-spasmodic tincture, following directions about bathing the body.

Where lobelia is used as an emetic, always have some stimulating tea before. Peppermint or composition tea is useful in this connection.

Very weak persons can take emetics when they are needed; even an occasional emetic may be given to consumptives. Also valuable in puerperal fevers. Give to cleanse and stop; repeat only as required.

The oil is less stimulating and less likely to produce emesis.

For hysterical coughs use oil of lobelia and oil of ginger each 3 drops, blue cohosh and black cohosh each 3/2 grs. Triturate on sugar, take 3 doses, 15 min. apart.

To make lobelia pills, mix together the following all powdered, 3/2 gr. lobelia seed, 1 gr. ladies’ slipper, 1/2 gr. cayenne with extract of boneset of sufficient quantity to make pills. Dose, 1 pill every 4 hrs. as required. This is considered an excellent preparation where profound relaxation is desired without emesis. It is excellent in peritonitis, lung, and bronchial troubles, especially for bronchial cough and painful conditions in any part of the body.

A paste is made of lobelia and bi-carbonate of soda mbbed well into inflamed or poisoned sores. Keep surface moistened with lobelia tincture. The pain will cease quickly.

In a case of strangulated hernia, a strong decoction was ad- ministered by the rectum, as a substitute for a narcotic.

Lobelia may be used in substance, i.e., the powdered herb or seed, in Fl X, acid tincture, infusion, decoction, pills, or capsules, in syrup, by enema, and in poultice.

The dose of the powder is 3-10 grs. and as an emetic is from 5 to 20 gr. to be repeated, if necessary. The tincture is most frequently used, and this is considered as the U.S. official preparation. The full dose of this preparation for an adult is 1/2 fl. oz. though in asthmatic cases it is better administered in the quantity of 1-2 fl. dr., repeated every 2 or 3 hrs. till its effects are experienced.

The infusion is made of 1 oz. powdered herb in 1 pt. boiling water. Allow to stand covered. Take in doses of 1/2 to 1 wine- glassful.

All accumulations of mucous are instantly removed after a. full dose of the infusion and many lives have been saved by its timely use.

Benefits of Linseed

Originally from Egypt, this plant is now cultivated in the U.S. ( Linseed )

The fiber of linseed has been used for centuries in the manufacture of textiles. The roasted seeds are eaten as a food by the Abyssinian’s, and the cake which remains after the expression of the oil is used as a highly nutritious food for cattle.

Both the SEEDS and the OIL expressed from them are official. They have a mucilaginous taste, slightly unpleasant and without odor.

The mucilage obtained by infusing the entire seeds in boiling water, in the proportion of 1/2 oz. to 1 pt., is very useful in | catarrh, dysentery, nephritic and calculous complaints, stranguary, | and other irritated and inflammatory affections, especially of the mucous membrane of the lungs (respiratory tract), intestines (alvine tract), and urinary passages. For the respiratory tract, it promotes expectoration. For coughs and colds, use the sweetened hot infusion. Take in wine-glassful doses.

For the alvine tract, use it cold. It is soothing, healing, and a tonic in dysentery, diarrhea, and cholera infantum.

The decoction forms a superior laxative enema.

The ground seeds are sold under the name of flax-seed meal.

The meal mixed with hot water forms an excellent poultice. For bronchitis, ulcers, abscesses, and boils, add a little powdered lobelia seed. For general use combine with red elm bark.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

The oil meal (what is left after the oil has been pressed out of the ground seed) is frequently used as a poultice. In bronchitis and pneumonia, it is excellent for the lungs. Lobelia, mullein, or cayenne may be added as desired. For boils and abscesses, add red elm bark.

The raw oil is very valuable. Internally it will prove cathartic. Combined with pulverized red elm, it is a most valuable preparation for an external application on bums and scalds. Never allow the surface to become uncovered or dry until thoroughly healed. Wipe off any pus that may accumulate, remove dead flesh, and cover again with the above. Good also on gunpowder bums. Use nervines, if necessary.

An excellent linseed tea is made with 8 oz. each linseed and rock candy, 3 lemons, pared and sliced, added to 2 qts. boiling water. Strain after it has cooled.

The usual infusion is made with 1 t. seed steeped in 1 C. boiling water.

Health Benefits of American Mandrake

Indigenous, American mandrake grows luxuriantly in moist shady woods and in low marshy grounds. It is the only species belonging to the genus. The leaves are said to be poisonous.

The fruit has a subacid, sweetish, peculiar taste, agreeable to some palates and may be eaten freely. From its color and shape, it is sometimes called WILD LEMON. The Indians were well acquainted with the virtues of this plant.

The ROOT is the official portion and is said to be most efficient when collected after the falling of the leaves. It shrinks considerably in drying. It is nearly inodorous, but in powder form it has a sweetish, not unpleasant smell. The taste is at first sweetish, afterwards bitter, nauseating, and slightly acrid. The decoction and tincture are bitter. In its fresh state it is an acrid, nauseating, and altogether drastic agent. When dry, this objectionable feature is, to a very great extent, dissipated. It is a powerful article and should not be used in too large or too frequent doses or it will gripe and cause distress, watery evacuations, and uneasiness in the pelvis and bowels.

American mandrake is an active and certain cathartic producing copious liquid discharges without much griping or other unpleasant effect. It is decidedly a cholagogue and a cathartic in from 6 to 10 hrs. If used as a cathartic, add a little ginger but use no sugar.

Its influence is particularly noted on the salivary glands, mucous membrane if not irritated, gall ducts, liver, and kidneys. Because of its influence on the pelvic organs, it is UNFIT to use in the pregnant state.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

It is highly valuable in all chronic, scrofulous and dyspeptic complaints, dropsy, bilious and liver disorders. In congestions of the liver, about 10 gr. powdered mandrake and 5 gr. powdered cloves are taken in honey. The Fl. X may be taken in doses of 5 to 30 drops.

The resinoid, podophyllin, is much used now. It is valuable in liquifying the gall in the relief of gall stones for which purpose it is best taken in syrup of ginger or in capsules. Take large doses every few minutes. It will not nauseate nor produce catharsis until the parts are eased and the gall liquified. Occasional doses must be taken to maintain a liquid condition. In small doses it is useful in jaundice. It acts upon the liver in the same manner as mercury, but is superior to it.

The preparation of the root is to be preferred to those of the resin, podophyllin.

In minute doses, frequently repeated, podophyllum (Fl X) is said to diminish the frequency of the pulse, to relieve cough, and for these effects is sometimes used in spitting up of blood, catarrh, and other pulmonary affections.

The doses of the powdered root is 2-10 grs.

The simple infusion is made of 1 t. root, cut small, to 1 pt. boihng water. Take 1 t. at a time, as required.

Health Benefits of Marshmallow

Marshmallow is found in moist places in the U.S. In Europe it is largely cultivated for medicinal use. The whole plant abounds in mucilage, which is especially abundant in the root. The root has a feeble odor and a mild mucilaginous taste. It yields its mucilage to water by decoction. It should be kept dry or it will give a yellowish decoction of unpleasant odor.

The virtues of marshmallow are exclusively those of a demulcent. The ROOTS and the LEAVES have the same properties, but the roots are the stronger.

A decoction of the root is very soothing in irritations and inflammations of the mucous membranes and in coughs due to colds, pharyngitis, laryngitis, and acute and chronic pulmonary troubles. Also in dysentery, diarrhea, typhoid fever, gonorrhea, stranguary, vaginal douche, cystitis, urethritis, and nephritis. In irritations of the kidneys and urinary tract, its soothing effect helps to bring away stone and gravel.

It is most effective in hemorrhage from the urinary organs. For this boil the powdered root in milk and drink freely.

In obstinate inflammation, where mortification threatens, make a poultice of the boiled crushed or powdered root and apply as hot as can be borne. The efficacy of this poultice is such that the root is also called mortification root. The addition of red elm is an advantage.

The leaves and the roots, bruised and boiled, are quite commonly used in external applications as a fomentation or poultice in all manner of swellings, pain, inflammation, abscesses, and festering sores. Make a strong decoction with leaves or roots and wring out a flannel and apply as hot as can be borne for one hour at a time. Repeat as frequently as needed.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

  • For gathered breasts, gum boils, and neuralgia add chamomile flowers and poppy heads.
  • For sprains and swellings, add ragwort.
  • A good covering for burns, scalds, and denuded surfaces with the addition of raw linseed oil.
  • As a wash and poultice in ophthalmia, add lobelia.

As a wash in inflammation of the eyes, the following is recommended: boil 1 oz. marshmallow root and 1/4 oz. red raspberry leaves in 3/2 pts. water down to 1 pt. Strain and bathe the eyes with the decoction cold 1/2 doz. times daily.

The powdered root is considered excellent for enriching milk in nursing mothers, as well as increasing the flow. Boil the powdered root in milk and drink freely.

The usual infusion of marshmallow is made of 1 oz. leaves in 1 pt. boiling water, taken frequently in wine-glassful doses.

The syrup of marshmallow is made by boiling 8 oz. fresh root, sliced, in 4 pints water. Strain and add 3/2# sugar. Dose 1/2 oz. to 1 oz. The lozenges are also useful in hoarseness, coughs, etc. They are made by adding a little more sugar and mucilage of gum tragacanth to the syrup.

Benefits of White Pond Lily

This plant is common in ponds throughout most of the U.S.( White Pond Lily )

The ROOT is the medicinal part. The taste is mucilaginous and astringent with no odor.

White pond lily tones the mucous membrane throughout, leaving a soothing effect. It removes morbid matter from the system and lessens mucus discharges.

In bowel complaints where an astringent is needed, in diarrhea, dysentery, and cystic catarrh, the decoction is most useful. Also in catarrh of the bladder and irritation of the prostate.

It is one of the best in poultices for inflamed tumors and sores, and is frequently combined in equal parts with crushed linseed or powdered red elm.

For external applications, the decoction can be used as a lotion for sore legs and sores generally.

In infants bowel troubles, thrush, aphthous sore mouth, sore and inflamed gums, and as a gargle in putrid sore throat and throat irritations, it is very healing.

In pharyngitis, used internally, lily and cascara sagrada in equal parts will clean the mucous membrane, heal and soothe the ulcerations and inflammation.

Very useful in local application in leucorrhea, prolapsus uteri, relaxed vagina, ulceration of the cervix, and gleet. Can be used as a vaginal douche.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

It forms a good wash for sore eyes, purulent ophthalmia, and scrofulous sores.

The powdered root is soothing dusted on chafed and excoriated surfaces and upon irritable chancres and excoriations of the prepuce and vulva.

A decoction of 1 oz. of root boiled in 1 pt. water for 20 min. is taken internally in wine-glassful doses.

White pond lily is NOT the best remedy to use when there is a tendency to constipation.

Benefits of Licorice

Licorice is a native of So. Europe, growing in the U.S. in rich, moist soil.

It is without smell and of a sweet mucilaginous taste which is sometimes mingled with a slight degree of acrimony. Before being used, the ROOT should always be deprived of its outer skin, which is somewhat acrid and without possession of any of the virtues of the root.

Licorice root is an old and exceedingly popular remedy. It is well adapted to catarrhal affections, coughs, sore throat, hoarseness, chest and lung troubles, and is soothing to irritated, mucous membranes of the bowels and urinary passages.

An excellent old family remedy for persistent tickling cough was made as follows: 1/2 C. linseed (the whole seed) and 1 oz. licorice simmered in 1 qt. water to the consistency of syrup and strained. Children find this pleasant to take and can be given to them in doses up to 1 teacupful; adults can take the decoction freely. Can be taken warm or cold.

Licorice is frequently used as an addition to decoctions to cover an unpleasant taste or bitterness and makes them more acceptable to the stomach. When a compound is made for the lungs of such as boneset, elecampane, wild cherry, and white horehound, adding a little Licorice will not only improve the remedy but cover up an unpleasant taste.

Licorice is best taken in the form of a decoction which may be prepared by boiling 1 oz. of the bruised root for a few minutes in 1 pt. water. By long boiling, the acrid principle is extracted.

The powdered root is also used in the preparation of pills, either to give them due consistence, or to cover their surfaces and prevent them from adhering together.

The extract of licorice is made in more than one grade. Always use the best. It is practically all soluble in water.

Benefits of Motherwort

In Japan, this plant is called “herb of life.” A member of the mint family and originating in Europe and Asia, motherwort has become naturalized in the United States as well.

It has a peculiar aromatic, not disagreeable, odor and a slightly aromatic bitter taste. It yields its properties to water and alcohol.

Motherwort is a very useful PLANT and a pleasant and a very excellent tonic. In cases where the lumbar region and the pelvis are troubled in tardy menstruation, it will tone the generative organs and quiet nervous irritability, gently promoting the menstrual flow and toning the uterine membrane. It should be given in warm infusion.

A hot infusion promotes a good outward circulation. It is useful in amenorrhea and in dysmenorrhea when congestion is present and in hysteria and palpitation when more or less chlorotic.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

For the chlorotic, who have some scrofulous or other impurity of the blood current, the following will be useful—all Fl X —motherwort and burdock seeds 1/2 Dr. each, prickly ash 1/2 Dr., yellow parilla 2 Dr. in 4 oz. simple syrup.

Motherwort is NOT the proper remedy for the pregnant nor for those given to too free menstruation. It is useful in cases of after-pain when the lochia is quite scanty.

A cold infusion is a gentle heart tonic in heart diseases or weakness and in recovery from fevers. In delirium and nervous excitement attendant upon fevers, it will quiet the nerves and promote a restful sleep.

Its tonic properties are serviceable in gastric and intestinal indigestion; improving the appetite and assisting digestion. In these conditions, the following is often effective: motherwort and dandelion Rt. 1 oz. ea., golden seal Rt. and centaury 1/2 oz. ea., ginger root 1/4 oz. Simmer in 3 pts. water down to 1 qt. Strain and take 3 T. 3 or 4 times daily.

In simple vaginitis, motherwort has been used as a vaginal douche.

The infusion is made by steeping 1 oz. herb in 1 pt. water and taken in wine-glassful doses.

Benefits of Mullein

Mullein was known as the torch flower in the days of the Romans because the soldiers dipped the plant into tallow to make torches. Mullein is common throughout the U.S. It is a naturalized plant, introduced originally from Europe.

The LEAVES and FLOWERS are used but the leaves are preferred. Both have a shght, somewhat narcotic smell, which, in the dried flowers, becomes agreeable. Their taste is mucilaginous, herbaceous, slightly bitter, but very feeble. They impart their medicinal virtues to water by infusion.

Where the effusions and accumulations are desired to be absorbed and carried off, mullein is remarkable in its influence on the absorbents.

The leaves and the flowers are very useful in pulmonary diseases, coughs, consumption, hemorrhage of the lungs, in dysentery, and in diarrhea, the demulcent properties strengthening the bowels. The ordinary infusion may be used. In diarrhea, however, if there is bleeding from the bowels, boil 1 oz. of mullein in 1 pt. milk, sweeten, if desired. Strain and take in 1/2 tea-cupful doses after each stool.

Mullein is one of the most valuable herbs in its influence upon the glandular system, the serous and the mucus structures. It is especially valuable in glandular swellings, hepatization or thickening of lung tissues, phthisis, asthma, hay fever, catarrhal coughs, coughs due to colds, pleuritic effusions, mild catarrhs, pleuritis, cellular and synovial dropsy, scrofulous and other swellings, chronic abscesses, and all forms of dropsies.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

In mumps and some severe and vicious glandular swellings, a fomentation of leaves has been most successfully used. For bronchitis or croupy cough, apply the following over the lungs; 2 oz. Mullein, 1/4 oz. lobelia, 1 t. cayenne, simmered in 2 qts. water 15 min. Foment as warm as convenient and take the following: all FE, mullein, poke, elder flowers, life everlasting each 2 Dr. in 4 oz. simple syrup.

The leaves are also employed externally, steeped in hot water in the treatment of sprains, bruises, soreness of the chest, and painful chronic abscesses.

In a case of painful and swollen joints, cover a quantity of mullein (either green or dried) with boiling vinegar. Cover and simmer slowly for 20 to 30 min. Strain and add a little tincture cayenne and FE lobelia. Foment and it will ease the pains and, in almost every case, reduce the. swelling.

  • For stiff joints and rheumatism, foment with 4 oz. mullein, 1/2 oz. lobelia herb, 1/4 oz. cayenne, 2 qts. vinegar. Bring to a boil and simmer slowly 20 to 30 min.
  • For external irritations and itching piles, apply a fomentation of the leaves in hot vinegar and water.
  • In ophthalmia, cover the eyes with a soft cloth wet with 1/2 oz. mullein, 20 gr. golden seal, 1 dr. lobelia herb, and 6 oz. water.
  • For nasal congestion and catarrh or throat irritation, place a handful of leaves in an old teapot and cover with hot water. Inhale the steam through the spout.
  • For inflamed peritonium apply 3 oz. FE mullein and 1 oz. tincture cayenne.
  • For periostitis, apply 2 Dr. each FE mullein, oil sassafras, oil peppermint, tincture ginger, tincture lobelia, and 4 oz. alcohol.
  • For dropsied limbs, apply 4 oz. FE mullein, 5/2 oz. tincture cayenne, 1 oz. tincture lobelia, and 1/2 Dr. oil origanum.
  • For dysentery use 2 Dr. FE mullein, 3 Dr. each FE catnip, and FE ladies’ slipper in ^2 teacupful tepid water for enema after each stool.

In Europe, an infusion of the flowers, strained to remove the rough hairs, is considerably used in mild catarrhs.

A simple infusion is made of both leaves and flowers, 11. to 1 C. boiling water, taken in 1 or 2 C daily doses.

CAUTION: While Mullein has a very powerful influence on the absorbents and is extremely valuable in mumps, glandular swellings, dropsies, etc., it must NOT BE USED IN CANCERS or any other swellings where it would be injurious to have a deposit absorbed.

Benefits of Lady’s Slipper

Ladies’ slipper grows in the rich woods and meadows in the U.S.

The ROOT is the part used in medicine. The odor is lightly valerianic (it is sometimes called American valerian); the taste is sweetish, acrid, bitter, and aromatic.

The root is almost a pure nervine, accounting for the name of “nerve root” also given to it. It spends all of its medicinal properties on the nervous system.

It is almost a pure relaxant and can be used to excellent advantage in the delirium of fevers, either alone or in a combination of 2 parts ladies’ slipper and 1 part lobe-ha, making an infusion and taking a dessert-spoonful occasionally. It relaxes nerve tension and permits a refreshing sleep.

In the delirium of typhoid fever, add a little cayenne. It will relieve brain irritation and refreshing sleep will result.

In nerve irritation, where there is much restlessness and inability to sleep, use ladies’ slipper and lobe-ha in equal parts. In dysmenorrhea and uterine irritation, add some cayenne. Infuse or make into pills with extract of boneset.

In hysteria, it is one of the best remedies. With convulsions, add asafoetida, a little ginger, and a little lobe-ha.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

It is valuable in nervous headache, sleeplessness, or any irritable condition arising from enfeebled nerve conditions. Use ladies’ slipper 2 parts and skullcap 1 part in this condition and in a case of irritable nervous depression. If the stomach is involved, use by enema.

Those overworked and worried can secure help by taking small and frequent doses of the simple infusion.

In some cases of insomnia, an injection of ladies’ slipper may be given when retiring, and at times a little lobeha may be added. This combination will give good results in nymphomania and assist in preventing emissions.

In parturition, the following will relieve a rigid os uteri and calm nervous irritability: 3 parts ladies’ slipper, 2 parts raspberry leaves, 1 part bruised ginger. Infuse 1 oz. in 1 pt. boiling water and take a wine-glassful every hour. If more stimulation is needed, add a little cayenne.

For colic and after-pains, use 3 parts ladies’ slipper, 2 parts wild yam, 1 part ginger. Infuse 1 oz. in 1 pt. boiling water and take as required. It will give favorable results. In case of postpartem hemorrhage, however, omit the ginger and add either trillium, cayenne, or black haw.

For rheumatism, combine with some stimulant.

In low states of typhus fever, congestions with nerve irritation, and similar conditions, it is too relaxing to be used alone; combine with an excess of cayenne and golden seal.

A soothing syrup for children and for neuralgia is made as follows: all FE, 2 oz. ladies’ slipper, 1 oz. each skullcap, prickly ash, and pleurisy root, 1 oz. tincture lobeha and 1 oz. essence of aniseed. Mix and take from 1/4 to 1 t. in warm water, sweetened, or in a little catnip tea.

In the presence of putrescence, ladies’ slipper will relieve irritation of the nervous system.

In cranial or abdominal pain, the following is a soothing nervine for child and adult: all FE, ladies’ slipper 4 dr., 1 dr. each skullcap, catnip, wild yam and 4 oz. syrup of ginger.

If ladies’ slipper is used with tonic medicine, its power is increased.

It is of course understood that if the system is loaded with poisons, causing nerve irritation, measures should be taken to eliminate the offending matter as ladies’ slipper will not do this.