Benefits of Pleurisy Root

Pleurisy root is a native of the U.S. and is most abundant in the southern states. Its brilliant orange flowers attract butterflies, therefore the name also given to it is butterfly-weed. It has been called America’s finest wild flower.

The ROOT is the only part used in medicine. When dried it is easily pulverized and has a bitter but not otherwise unpleasant taste. It yields its virtues readily to boiling water.

As the name implies, pleurisy root is a most valuable remedy in this disease, in which it mitigates the pain and relieves the difficulty in breathing.

It has long been popular in chest and lung troubles such as bronchitis, asthma, chronic cough, acute catarrh, pneumonia, consumption, pleuritis, peritonitis, membranous croup, colds and other pectoral affections, and is especially recommended in pulmonic catarrh. It is particularly helpful in the early stages. It exerts a specific action on the lungs, assisting expectoration and subduing inflammation. It is considered a near-specific in measles and has been used advantageously in acute rheumatism. In eruptive diseases, add ginger or cayenne.

It is said to be gently tonic and has been employed in pains of the stomach arising from flatulence, indigestion, and dysentery.

It influences the skin (sweat glands), the mucous and serous tissues. It influences a flow of blood toward the surface and will relax the capillaries and thereby relieve the heart and arteries of undue tension.

Securing a slow, steady perspiration and gradually easing excessive heat of the skin renders it very serviceable in febrile conditions such as typhus, scarlet, bilious, puerperal, lung and rheumatic fevers where the skin is hot and the pulse rigid.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

Excellent in influenza is the following: mix together, all powdered, 2 oz. each pleurisy root and golden rod, 1/4 oz. ginger, 1 dr. capsicum. Give freely in warm infusion in the fever state, using 1 t. to 1 C. hot water. As improvement is shown, add a little more capsicum and decrease the relaxing pleurisy root. This is also useful in typhoid and bilious fevers.

A compound very effective in dysmenorrhea and amenorrhea with spasmodic pains is made as follows: 1 oz. pleurisy rt., 1/2 oz. ea. blue cohosh and wild yam and 1/4 oz. ginger. If powders are used, give in warm infusion using 1 t. to 1 C. hot water. If the herbs are used, use 1 oz. of the mixture to 1 pt. boiling water. Cover and keep warm. Take in wine-glassful doses every few hours. It is anti-spasmodic and will stimulate the menstrual flow.

When there is a tendency to decay or slough, pleurisy root is NOT the proper remedy to be used. It is useful in tonsilitis rather than diptheria; in feverish and inflamed conditions rather than in congestions and in cases possessing a stenic rather than an asthenic pulse.

Do NOT use pleurisy root where the skin is cold and the pulse is weak. A more stimulating remedy is called for in such conditions.

A fine preparation for fevers, either in children or adults, is made as follows: mix together 2 oz. powdered pleurisy root and 1/2 oz. ginger. For an adult use 1 t. to 1 C. hot water. Cover and allow to stand awhile. Drink warm, leaving the sediment. If more stimulation is needed, add a small portion of capsicum.

Benefits of White Horehound

This plant is a native of Europe, but has been naturalized in this country. Although cultivated in gardens, it now grows wild in many places. (White Horehound)

The HERB has a strong, rather agreeable odor, which is diminished by drying and lost in keeping. The taste is bitter and aromatic. The bitterness is extracted by water and alcohol.

White horehound has been popular as a pectoral herb since the discovery of its healing qualities early in Greek and Roman history.

It is a tonic to the respiratory organs and to the stomach. In large doses, it is laxative.

It is one of the most popular of pectoral remedies. Taken cold it is exceedingly valuable in asthma, catarrh, especially wet catarrh, colds, and other chronic affections of the lungs attended with coughs and copious expectoration. Its expectorant properties assist in loosing phlegm.

A warm or hot infusion will relieve the hyperemic conditions of the lungs and congestion by promoting a good outward flow of blood.

It was once considered a valuable deobstruent and recommended in chronic hepatitis, jaundice, phthisis, and various general debility affections.

When the menstrual flow is obstructed by a recent cold, add a little ginger to the warm infusion. Sweeten with honey, if desired.

Excellent in children’s cough, croup, and colds, it will sustain the vocal cords in congestion and hoarseness.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

Horehound is considered excellent for those that have hard livers.

A candy is made as follows: boil 2 oz. dried herb in 3/2 pts. water about 1/2 hr. Strain and add 7/2 # brown sugar. Boil until it reaches the proper degree of hardness. Pour into well greased .flat trays. Mark into squares with a knife as it becomes cool enough to retain its shape. This is considered very useful in coughs, especially for older people and the asthmatic.

Syrup of horehound is made by boiling 1# sugar with the same quantity of leaves until syrupy.

The infusion is made by steeping 1 oz. of the herb in 1 pt. boiling water, adding honey, if desired. Take in wine-glassful doses.

Dose of the powder is from 30 gr. to 1 dr.

Benefits of Pokeweed

Poke or pokeweed is a native of the U.S. and grows abundantly throughout the states. The young shoots and leaves are much used as food early in the spring boiled like spinach.

The leaves, berries and the root are used in medicine; the BERRIES and the ROOT are official. The root should be dug up late in November. It abounds most in the active principle of the plant, but the berries are milder in action. As its virtues diminish by keeping, a new supply should be procured every year. The leaves should be gathered when the footstalks begin to redden, just previous to the ripening of the berries. The berries should be collected when perfectly ripe.

The berries have little odor, but the taste is slightly sweetish and at first mild, but followed by a sense of acrimony. The active matter is imparted to boiling water and alcohol.

The berries are a relaxing and stimulating alterative influencing the mucous, serous, and glandular structures.

Cook the berries till they burst and pour off the juice without straining. Then cover the berries again with water and cook thoroughly. Now strain off all the juice and boil down to the consistency of a thick syrup and add the first juice poured off. Bottle for use.

It can be made into a tincture with 30% alcohol. This is excellent for rheumatism.

In the treatment of scrofula, it relieves the glandular system of its impurities and cleanses the blood current, increases the flow of saliva, urine, or perspiration, and frees the alvine canal.

In acute and chronic rheumatism, use the following: 1 oz. poke berries, % oz. each of ehx. wood betony and black cohosh.

The dried root is considered of little value. The root in its green state is quite acrid and irritating to the mucous membrane, frequently causing a persistent vomiting. A similar result will follow if the green root is bruised and placed upon the surface of an excoriated or ulcerated part.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

The better way to use poke is to cut the green root fine, cover with boiling water and allow to boil 2 or 3 min. This preparation may be taken in doses of 11. to 1 T. with but little, if any, nausea experienced. 2 oz. of alcohol to the pint may be added to keep this preparation. The cooking largely dissipates the nauseating tendency so that much more of it can be taken than of the green root. But only cook 2 or 3 min., it is then a better nervine, alterative, and laxative.

In small doses, it acts as an alterative and has been highly recommended and successfully used in the treatment of chronic rheumatism. It is useful in those forms of rheumatism which attack the synovial membranes (membranes secreting fluid and lining joints) and the ligamentous (tissues holding organs in place) structures. Like many alteratives, it is somewhat slow in action, persistence and time must be given for its influence to manifest.

Poke root is one of the most powerful alteratives. Because it manifests quite a powerful influence upon the glandular structures, it has been largely used in the treatment of hard, enlarged, and swollen glands. It is reliable in skin diseases, used both internally and externally.

Poke root is considered a valuable remedy in dyspepsia, also in treatment of ulcers, ringworm, scabies, grandular conjunctivitis, and dysmenorrhea.

The roasted root forms a good poultice for inflamed surfaces. It quickly reduces excessive suppuration.

A strong infusion of the leaves and roots has been recommended in piles.

An ointment prepared by mixing 1 dr. of the powdered root or leaves with an oz. of lard has been used in psora, any of the various contagious skin diseases, fungus infection of the scalp and hair caused by several species of ringworm, and some other forms of cutaneous diseases. It occasions, at first, a sense of heat and smarting in the part to which it is applied.

An extract is made by evaporating the expressed juice of the recent leaves and has been used for the same purpose.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

The following is recommended in the treatment of goiter: all in Fl. X, 3 Dr. poke berries, 2 Dr. cascara sagrada, 1/2 Dr. ginger in 4 oz. simple syrup.

The FE poke root is a good alterant and, if taken internally-for some time with external applications of the bruised green root, it will relieve many a bony and cartilaginous swelling, including bunions. It is claimed that it will avert white swelling’.

The Fl. X relieves neuralgia, sciatica, lumbago, and rheumatism.

The Fl. X may be used internally and locally in hot fomentation or poultice. Poke influences all the deep structures when inflamed and all the serous structures. It is a good poultice in case of felon.

The simple infusion is made of 1 T. root, leaves, or berries, cut small steeped in 1 pint boiling water. Take 1 t. as required. The dose of the powdered root, as an emetic, is from 10 to 30 grs., as an alterative from 1 to 5 gr.

The following is a good formula for the compound poke liniment: Fl. X green poke rt. 3 oz., pulv. borax. 1 dr., oil of sassafras 1 dr., oil of bay (laurel) 1/2 dr. Mix well together, then add a thick mucilage of gum tragacanth sufficient to make 6 oz. Shake well. Apply to parts affected 4 or 5 times daily. Use plenty of friction or kneading in the case of enlargements.

Health Benefits of Pomegranate

Pomegranates grow wild upon both shores of the Mediterranean and are cultivated in all countries where the climate is sufficiently warm to allow the fruit to ripen, including our gulf states and other warm areas. A large tropical and sub-tropical bush, it is grown for its brilliant orange-red flowers and its large hard-rinded juicy, pulpy fruit about the size of an orange. The fruit ripens in September. It is quite pleasant in flavor.

One of the favorite fruits of ancient mythology, it is claimed. Bacchus, who seduced the Scythian maid, turned her into a pomegranate tree and placed a crown on the fruit to compensate her for the crown he had promised her before her seduction.

Pomegranates are mentioned many times in the Bible. Those of most interest being:

  • Exodus 28:33 and 34 (B.C. 1491)-“Pomegranates of blue, of purple, and of scarlet around the hem (of priest’s robe)”
  • I Kings 7/20-(B.C. 1005)-“And the pomegranates were 200 in a row around about (referring to the building of the House of the Lord).”
  • Song of Solomon 4/13 (B.C. 1014)—”Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates with pleasant fruits.”
  • Song of Solomon 7/12 (B.C. 1014) —”Let us get up early to see pomegranates bud forth.”
  • Song of Solomon 8/2 (B.C. 1014)—”I would bring thee into my mothers house; I would cause thee to drink of spiced wine of the juice of my pomegranates.”

The art of making wine from pomegranates of which Solomon speaks is still practised in Persia.

The ancient Chinese revered the pomegranates as one of the three blessed fniits. Because of its many seeds, it was their symbol of a large production of progeny and eternal life.

The Bible Dictionary claims the pomegranate was the favorite fruit of Egypt and Palestine. It was considered a very refreshing delicacy to dwellers in a hot land.

A syrup made from the seeds is known as grenadine.

Pomegranate is one of the earliest medicines of importance, considered as a specific for expelling either the round, tape, or pin worm and has been used as a vermifuge since the beginning of the Christian era among Arabian and Indian physicians. The bark of the root was recommended by Hippocrates.

The FLOWERS, BARK, and RIND can all be used as a remedy for tapeworm.

The bark of the root has no smell, when chewed it colors the saliva yellow and leaves an astringent taste without any disagreeable bitterness.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

It may be administered in powder or decoction, which is preferred. The following method was used by the Negroes of St. Domingo before it was introduced into Europe. Prepare by taking a dose of castor oil and fast the day preceding that on which the remedy is administered. A decoction is prepared by macerating 2 oz, bruised bark in 2 pts. water for 24 hrs. Then boil down to 1 pt. Take 1/3 portion every 1/2 hr. The 1st and second dosage may produce vomiting but the 3rd remains. Within one hour after the last dose, the patient usually has 3 or 4 stools in which the worm is discharged. Should the bowels not be opened, an injection should be administered. If not successful the first day, repeat. The decoction was followed by a dose of castor oil.

Soak 2 oz. bark in 2 pts. water for 12 hrs., boil down to 1 pt., strain, and take wine-glassful every 2 hrs. until it is all taken. At times, joints of the worm may come away within 1 hr. of the last dose being taken, but sometimes the dose needs to be repeated a few successive mornings. It is good policy to continue for a few days after the joints have ceased to pass.

Before taking this, or any other worm remedy, it is always best to fast for 24 hrs. and take a cathartic to clear the bowels before, and a dose of anti-bilious cathartic taken after.

Pomegranate flowers are inodorous, having a bitterish, strongly astringent taste, and impart a violet-red color to the saliva. They were used by the ancients to secure a good red dye. They have the same medicinal property and were used for the same purposes as the rind.

The rind of the fruit and the flowers, in the form of decoction, may be given in diarrhea, chronic dysentery, in the excessive and exhaustive sweats of hectic fever, night sweats of phthisis, or simple debility. The decoction is more frequently used as an injection in leucorrhea and as a gargle in sore and irritated throat in the earliest stages or after the inflammatory action has somewhat subsided. The powdered rind has also been recommended in intermittent fever.

The dose of the rind and flowers in powder is 20 to 30 gr. A decoction may be prepared in the proportion of 1 oz. to 1 pt. boiling water given in doses of 1 to 2 fl. oz. Fruit bark 1 to 2 dr.; Fl. X of root bark, 1/4 to 2 Dr. May be administered in powder or decoction but the decoction is preferred.

The fruits are made into cooling drinks to quench the thirst and give relief in feverish complaints.

A strong infusion will be useful in ulcers in the mouth and throat, strengthen the gums, and fasten loose teeth.

The rinds of the fruit are used for the tanning of the finest leathers at Cordova, Spain, now known as Cordovan leather.

Benefits of Black Horehound

Black horehound is a native of Europe, but is now naturalized in America. It has an unpleasant taste and the odor is disagreeable.

All that has been written for the white horehound also applies to the black horehound, except that in some conditions the black is preferable.

It is useful in amenorrhea, mennorhagia, dysmenorrhea, gravel, dropsy, coughs, hoarseness, bronchitis, consumption, and weak stomach.

It is considered almost a specific in biliousness, bilious colic, regurgitation of food and sour stomach.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

Adding marshmallow, hyssop, and elecampane will enhance its use in lung affections and in troubles of the respiratory organs, especially if blood is expectorated. This will also act as an alterative and tonic to the mucous membranes; the mucous secretions will be influenced, irritated surfaces assisted, and the sharpness of the discharge corrected.

Adding mother-wort will tone the uterine membrane.

It may be used in infusion, decoction, powder or pills.

Benefits of White Poplar

The white poplar is a common tree in the U.S. It is also called quaking aspen.

The buds, gathered in winter, are very strongly medicinal. The inner bark and the buds are a stimulating tonic alterant.

The INNER BARK of the tree holds a high rank as a really good general tonic, taking the place of Peruvian bark and quinine; continued use has none of the drawbacks of quinine. One can forget that quinine was ever known if they will use this bark in conditions where quinine would be used.

It is possibly one of the best tonics one can use in old age, or in those brought to a low ebb by disease (debility).

It is very good in sub-acute and chronic diarrhea, chronic dysentery, and cholera infantum. It is a tonic not an astringent.

It tones the mucous membrane, is fine in a lax condition of the stomach resulting in digestive weakness, promotes appetite, and relieves indigestion.

It is one of the most effective tonics to the urinary system. The kidneys and bladder feel its power. In incontinence of urine, it will gradually increase the urine and relieve the aching back. In stricture, and catarrh of the bladder, it is very frequently used. Combined with uva ursi in excess, it will give good results in cystic and renal catarrh and congestions.

In eczema, purulent ophthalmia, syphihtic sores, and chronic gonorrhea, it is an excellent wash. It can be combined with other remedies, and it will not disappoint if a tonic effect is required. Use it in dysuria, and in stranguria.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

The famous spiced bitters are made as follows: poplar, barberry bark, and balmony, all in powder and in equal parts. Mix 11. powder to 1 C. hot water, sweetened. Drink warm leaving the sediment. This is a fine hepatic tonic and is good for all sluggish conditions of the stomach with biliousness and torpid bowels.

The powder may be filled into capsules and taken in substance instead of the infusion, if desired.

It is also of use as a remedy in the debility of the female generative system; uterine, vaginal, and anal weakness, leucorrhea, and painful menstruation, both as a wash and for internal use.

An injection for anal prolapsus is made by mixing 3x oz. each poplar and bayberry in 16 oz. water.

In all cases of debility, faintness, and hysteria, white poplar bark can be freely taken.

Excellent as an external wash for cuts, bruises, bums, and fetid perspiration.

A simple infusion is made of 11. leaves, buds, or bark steeped in 1 C. boilng water. Drink cold 1 or 2 C. daily. When used as a wash, 11. borax added to 1 C. tea will be of benefit.

Benefits of Queen’s Delight

Queen’s delight is a native of the U.S. and grows in the pine barrens from Virginia to Florida. When wounded, it emits a milky juice.

The ROOT is the part used. The taste is bitter, acrid, and pungent; the odor is unpleasant. It should be used after being gathered as age impairs its medicinal property. It yields its virtues to water.

It is a good alterative and is useful in obstinate cutaneous affections, skin diseases, eruptions, rheumatism, scrofula, impure conditions of the blood, ulcers, scurvy, syphilis, secondary syphilis, and eczema either in infusion or decoction but usually in combination with remedies of less stimulating nature. It is best adapted to chronic cases.

It has a stimulating influence upon the alvine mucous membrane and the glandular system. It can be taken where a stimulant is needed for the liver and in some cases of constipation, it is of value.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

A good liniment for sore throat is made as follows: all in oil, queen s delight and lobelia 2 Dr. each, cajuput and eucalyptus 3 Dr. each, alcohol 3 oz.

In large doses, queen’s delight is emetic and cathartic. The oil should NEVER be used internally.

The simple infusion is made of 1 t. root infused in 1 C. boiling water. Drink 1 C. cold tea during the day.

Benefits of Red Raspberry

This plant needs no introduction as it is quite common. It is extensively cultivated as well as growing wild in many places. It belongs to the rose family.

Unfortunately the medicinal value of raspberry leaves is not sufficiently understood by the masses, of people.

The LEAVES and the BARK OF THE ROOT are the parts used medically. They impart their medicinal properties to water. The taste is astringent with no odor. The fruit has a rich, delicious flavor.

Raspberry leaf tea is mild and may, with perfect safety, be given to children in stomach complaints, sweetened with honey or sugar.

The infusion of 1 oz. in 1 pt. boiling water is most effective in removing canker from and toning the mucous membrane. Also for ulcers and wounds. In ophthalmia, the infusion is a first class wash.

For a very fine wash and gargle for relaxed sore throat, canker in the mouth, throat, and tongue and spongy gums, use the following: red raspberry leaves and bayberry bark 1/2 oz. each. Infuse in 1 pt. boiling water, cover till cold, strain and use as required.

Raspberry leaf tea has long been recommended as a drink during the period of pregnancy and at confinement. There would be fewer cases needing instruments and fewer hemorrhages after delivery. It has a splendid influence upon the uterus, will sustain in labor and relieve after-pains, renders easy and speedy parturition, assists milk secretion, and hastens convalescence. A small portion of cayenne or ladies’ slipper can be added to the infusion or at the approach of labor. An addition of 34 t. of composition powder to 1 oz. leaves in 1 pt. boiling water will prove a valuable adjunct. This should always be taken warm, M teacupful every hour during labor.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

In constipation, the following will be useful—raspberry leaves 1 oz., mt. flax 3/2 oz., infuse in 3/2 pts. boiling water. Cover till cold. Strain and take 3 T. 3 or 4 times daily. If the lower bowel needs special attention 1/4 or 1/2 oz. butternut bark may be added.

It will allay nausea and is useful in acute and chronic diarrhea and dysentery and in leucorrhea and gonorrhea, either as a tea or by injection. Make an infusion of 1 oz. leaves to 1 pt. boiling water. If drinking the infusion, a little ginger may be added.

A poultice for removing proud flesh and cleansing wounds is made by combining powdered red elm bark with the infusion.

The expressed juice of the fruit is very nourishing in convalescence and for weak stomachs.

Raspberry leaves may be used instead of coffee or tea when the bowels are in a relaxed state. The simple infusion is made by steeping 1 t. leaves in 1 C. boiling water. Dose of the Fl. X of the leaves is 1 to 2 Dr.

Hops Health Benefits

This is the common or European hops, now widely naturalized and growing wild in many places in the U.S. Most of the hops consumed in the U.S. are supplied from New England where it is extensively cultivated. It is claimed the English hops are superior to all others.

Besides being important in brewing beer, ale, and porter it is of some ornamental value. The part used in preparation of malt liquors and in medicine is the FRUIT or STROBILES.

Though brittle when quite dry, they are pulverized with great difficulty. Their odor is strong, peculiar, somewhat narcotic, and fragrant, their taste is very bitter, aromatic, and slightly astringent. Their aroma, bitterness, and astringency are imparted to boiling water by decoction, but the aroma is dissipated by long boiling. A better solvent is diluted alcohol.

The activity of hops depends upon a substance secreted by the scales and in the dried fruit existing upon their surface in the form of a fine powder. This substance is called LUPULIN. It is considered official. It is preferable to the hops because of its convenience. The virtues of the lupulin probably reside in the volatile oil and bitter principle, which are readily imparted to alcohol. By boiling in water the bitterness is extracted, but the aroma is partially driven off.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

Hops are tonic and moderately narcotic, and have been highly recommended in diseases of general or local debility associated with morbid insomnia or other nervous derangement’s, sleeplessness, hysteria, and delirium. They have a most soothing effect and will frequently promote sleep in overwrought conditions. An infusion of 1 oz. to 1 pt. boiling water may be take-ii in doses of 2 or 3 T. every 1, 2, or 3 hours as needed. They have some tendency to relieve pain, and may be used for these purposes in cases where opiates, from their tendency to constipate, or other causes, are inadmissible.

The Dominion College claims the FLOWERS are a fine stimulating and relaxing nervine of great powers.

They claim the hops pillow has been used from early days in insomnia and is very effective. Stuffing a pillow with hops and using as an ordinary pillow will soothe and quiet the whole nervous system, allay restlessness, and produce sleep in cases of nervous derangements. Others claim the hops should be moistened with alcohol in order to prevent their rustling noise and to bring out the active principle.

The complaints in which hops have been found useful are dyspepsia, nervous tremors, delirium of drunkards, and in dysmenorrhoea.

The extract is advantageous in allaying the pain of articular rheumatism and neuralgia when taken internally or as a hot fomentation applied on the parts affected.

Fomentations with hops and a poultice made by mixing them with some emollient adhesive substance are often beneficial in local pains and swellings, bruises, inflammations, rheumatism, neuralgia, boils, and gatherings. It is often used alone, and may be combined with camomile, poppy heads, or ragwort.

An ointment of the powder with lard is recommended as an application to sores, the pain of which it relieves when other means have failed.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

Hops also has a reputation in Calculi, are useful in some liver troubles and jaundice, relieving the secements because of a favorable alterative property. They have a relaxing influence upon the liver and gall duct and are very gently laxative to the bowels.

For worms, take 1/2 to 1 pt. decoction made of 1 oz. to the pint, in the morning.

Hops are useful in excessive sexual desire, pruritis, and painful erections in gonorrhea.

Hops may be added to cough syrups for irritable coughs. A flannel bag filled with hops and heated will often relieve toothache and neuralgia. Hops may be taken in substance, infusion, tincture or extract.

An infusion is prepared from 1 oz. to 1 pt. boiling water, taken in doses of 2 fl. oz. 3 or 4 times daily. Good as a general tonic and sedative. The fluid extract and tincture are official.

All the effects of the preparation of hops may be obtained with greater certainty and convenience by the use of lupulin. The dose of this substance is from 6 to 12 gr., taken in the form of pills, which may be made by simply rubbing the powder in a warm mortar until it a quires the consistence of a ductile mass and then modding into the proper shape.

Lupulin may be incorporated with poultices or formed into an ointment with lard and used externally for the same purpose as the hops themselves.

The tincture may be taken in 1/2 to 1 t. doses; the nerves will be quieted and no evil effects will follow such as are found after using opiates.

Benefits of Rhubarb

It is claimed that all the species of rhubarb originated from one particular species but the question yet remains unsettled from what precise plant it is derived. All that is known for certain is that it is the ROOT of one or more species of rheum. Their common names have been given them from their port of export.

The Rheum Fahnatum or Turkey rhubarb is considered official in the U.S. Although the various species are different in appearance, it is claimed their medicinal properties are about the same. The ROOTS are gathered when they are six years old.

The leafstalks of the different species of rheum have a pleasant acid taste and are useful in making tarts and pies.

Rhubarb has a peculiar aromatic odor, bitter, faintly astringent taste, and when chewed tinges the saliva yellow. Its coloring principle is absorbed and may be detected in the urine causing it often to become quite red. This is caused by the alkaline urine acting upon the yellow matter of the root.

Rhubarb yields all its active properties to water and alcohol. By boiling, the virtues of the medicine are diminished. Its most remarkable singularity is the union of a cathartic with an astringent power: the latter of which, however, does not interfere with the former as the purgative effect precedes the astringent. Rhubarb is one of our mildest and safest remedies in this class.

It is a mild stimulating tonic to the liver, gall ducts, and the alvine mucous membrane. It is not unpleasant to the taste and is generally well received by the stomach; in small doses it invigorates the powers of digestion.

Rhubarb cleanses the mucous membrane of viscid matter. In large doses, it is a simple and safe cathartic producing fecal rather than watery discharges; small and frequent doses are a tonic hepatic. Because of its astringent property, it is NOT the remedy to assist in overcoming chronic constipation but is valuable in the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, and cholera infantum. Heat somewhat increases its astringency.

When the stomach is enfeebled and the bowels relaxed at the same time and a gentle cathartic is required, rhubarb, as a general rule, is preferable to all others. Hence its use in dyspepsia attended with constipation, in diarrhea even when purging is indicated in the secondary stages of cholera infantum, in chronic dysentery, and in almost all typhoid diseases when fecal matter is accumulated in the intestines or to prevent such an accumulation.

Owing to its tonic properties, it has found much favor in infantile troubles, especially in stomach troubles and looseness of the bowels, weakened digestion, irritation of the alimentary canal; also in diarrhea and dysentery, rhubarb is especially useful as a laxative, because of its mildness and tonic qualities.

Refer Here for the Abbreviations and Measurement Units

As a general rule, rhubarb is not applicable to cases attended with much inflammatory action. Its griping may be counteracted by adding some aromatic or bicarbonate of soda to relieve the acidity.

The purgative properties of rhubarb are diminished by roasting while its astringency remains unaffected. For this reason, this method has been used in cases of diarrhea. By long boiling, the same effect is produced.

The dose of rhubarb as a purgative is from 20 to 30 gr. As a laxative and stomachic, 5 to 10 gr. The infusion is much used in cases of delicate stomach and is peculiarly adapted to children. The tincture or syrup is also highly useful. The tincture is chiefly used but the powder is effective and reliable. The tincture dose is 5 to 20 min. The simple infusion is made by steeping 11. cut root in 1 C. boiling water. Drink cold, 1 C. during the day.

The infusion is of a dark, reddish-yellow color.